Archibald Caldwell (February 18, 1839 - December 9, 1920) served as a private in Company H, 13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry.
Archibald Caldwell was born February 18, 1839 in Giles County, Virginia to Henry and Catherine (Harless) Caldwell. He married first Rachel Newton (b. 1841) with whom he had one child. He married second Rachel Lusk (1844-1900) with whom he had at least five children. He married third Neva Francum (1879-1963) with whom he had at least six children.
Civil War service
Caldwell enlisted as a private in Company H on September 24, 1863 in Carter County, Tennessee for a period of three years and mustered in October 28, 1863 at Strawberry Plains, Tennessee.
He is described as 24 years old, 6' tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, and by occupation a farmer.
Caldwell is listed as present for duty for which muster roll records survive until November 6, 1864 when he is listed as absent sick. On December 28, 1864 he was admitted to Asylum General Hospital in Knoxville, Tennessee. He was apparently briefly discharged from the hospital in January 1865 and was admitted again on February 19, 1865. Caldwell was mustered out May 3, 1865 by order of the War Department by reason of disability and discharged May 22, 1865.
When the regiment on September 5, 1865 at Knoxville, records show that Caldwell had last been paid to February 28, 1865, that his clothing account was never settled, he owed $86.88 to the government for clothing in kind or money advance, and had been paid a $25 bounty. Hospital records for January / February 1865 show that he had last been paid to August 31, 1864, had received a bounty of $25, and was owed a $75 bounty.
Caldwell applied for an invalid's pension on April 22, 1869. He died December 9, 1920 in Johnson County, Tennessee and is buried at Butler Memorial Cemetery in Butler, Tennessee. His wife applied for a widow's pension on January 9, 1921 and Neva Caldwell Runyon applied for a guardian's pension on September 30, 1925.
- Muster roll records show his surname as Colwell or Calwell. Caldwell is what appears on his headstone and other official documents.
- His grave was moved from Rainbolt Cemetery to accommodate construction of Watauga Lake.