13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry USA Wiki

Elisha M. Garland (May 5, 1845 - February 13, 1920) served as a corporal in Company B, 13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry.

Personal life

Elisha Garland was born May 5, 1845 in Yancey County, North Carolina[1] to Julius and Delithia Elizabeth (Stanley) Garland. He married first Margaret Caroline Buchanan (1850-1906) with whom he had at least seven children.[2] He married second Julia Hutchins (b. 1866) with whom he had one child.[3]

Civil War service

Garland first enlisted as a substitute private in Company E, 58th North Carolina Infantry on June 27, 1862 at Camp Martin in Mitchell County; he was discharged on November 10, 1862. Changing his allegiance, he enlisted as a private in Company B, 13th Tennessee Cavalry on May 11, 1864 in Nashville, Tennessee for a period of three years and mustered in May 17, 1864 at Gallatin, Tennessee. He was appointed corporal on January 1, 1865.

He is described as 18 years old, 5' 7" tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, light hair, and by occupation a farmer.

Garland is listed as present for duty throughout his term of service for which muster roll records have survived.

Garland mustered out with the regiment on September 5, 1865 at Knoxville. He had last been paid to August 31, 1864, owed $45.85 to the government for clothing, had been paid a $25 bounty, and was owed a $275 bounty.

Post-war life

Garland applied for an invalid's pension on August 27, 1889. He was admitted to the Mountain Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers hospital in Johnson City, Tennessee on May 12, 1911, diagnosed with rheumatism and hearing impairment of both ears; he was discharged from the hospital on December 12, 1912 and received an increase of his pension from $17 per month to $24 per month.[4] He died February 13, 1920 in Bakersville Township, North Carolina and is buried at Garland Cemetery in Mitchell County.[5] His wife applied for a widow's pension on March 12, 1920.


  1. Now Mitchell County.
  2. 1880 U.S. Census, Bakersville Township, Mitchell County, North Carolina.
  3. 1910 U.S. Census, Bakersville Township, Mitchell County, North Carolina.
  4. Historical Register of National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1938, Johnson City, Tennessee, p. 6512.
  5. The precise location of this cemetery and his grave have not been located.