John Calvin Matheson (December 1845 - July 15, 1905) served as a sergeant in Company F, 13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry.
John Matheson was born in December 1845 in Watauga County, North Carolina to George William and Elizabeth (Brown) Matheson. He married Rhoda Lewis (1850-1899) with whom he had at least nine children.
Matheson enlisted as a private in Company F on September 22, 1863 at Greeneville, Tennessee for a period of three years. He was appointed sergeant by Colonel Miller on December 31, 1863 and mustered in January 3, 1864 at Camp Nelson, Kentucky.
At enlistment, Matheson was 19 years old, described as 5'6", fair complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, and by occupation a farmer.
Matheson was present for duty throughout his entire term of service.
Matheson mustered out with regiment on September 5, 1865 at Knoxville. He had last been paid to August 31, 1864. He owed $31.43 to the government for clothing, had been paid a $25 bounty, and was owed a $75 bounty. Because he was still "age 19" at muster out in 1865, he obviously lied about his age at enlistment.
Matheson moved his family to Rooks County, Kansas in 1884 where he became a member of Plainville Post #298, Grand Army of the Republic. By 1892 the family was living in Oklahoma. They moved to eastern Colorado for one year before returning to Oklahoma. His daughter Nola Effie (Matheson) Wells applied for a guardian's pension on October 9, 1905.
Matheson died July 15, 1905 in Pawhuska, Oklahoma and is buried at Pawhuska City Cemetery in Pawhuska.