Zephaniah Butt Kanipe (September 22, 1845 - October 30, 1911) served as a corporal in Company B, 13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry.
Zephaniah Kanipe was born September 22, 1845 in Lincoln County, North Carolina to Jacob and Isabella (Mosteller) Kanipe. He married first Agnes Salena Holler (1840-1885) with whom he had eight children. He married second Alice Indiana Victoria Nichols (1868-1952) with whom he had three children.
Civil War service
Kanipe first enlisted as a private in Company F, 58th North Carolina Infantry on January 23, 1864 in Dalton, Georgia. No record of his service with the regiment--including a date of discharge or desertion--has been located.
Changing his allegiance, Kanipe enlisted as a private in Company B, 13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry on October 6, 1864 in Bulls Gap, Tennessee for a period of three years and mustered in October 26, 1864 at Strawberry Plains, Tennessee. He was appointed corporal on March 1, 1865.
His service records have not been located and may have been destroyed. He appears to have been honorably discharged.
Kanipe applied for an invalid's pension on April 19, 1882. He was first admitted to the Western Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in Leavenworth, Kansas on August 15, 1911. Diagnosed with tuberculosis, he was transferred to Battle Mountain Sanitarium, National Home for Disabled Soldiers in Hot Springs, South Dakota on August 21, 1911 and was discharged September 26, 1911. At the time Kanipe was admitted he was described as 5' 10" tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, red hair, and by occupation a farmer.
He died October 30, 1911 in Corpus Christi, Texas and is buried there at Rose Hill Memorial Park. His wife applied for a widow's pension on November 20, 1911.
- 1880 U.S. Census, Marion Township, McDowell County, North Carolina.
- 1910 U.S. Census, Corpus Christi, Texas.
- His brother Eli was serving with the regiment when he enlisted. Another brother, Daniel, served as a sergeant in Company C, 7th U.S. Cavalry under Captain Thomas Custer of Custer's Battalion at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Daniel Kanipe survived the battle and controversy continues how he did so; he may have been a malinger or a messenger.